You are here:
News / Archive
Earth Observation Center
Applications and Projects
News / Archive
Digitisation in agriculture: DLR tests technologies in the experimental field
30 March 2020
Remote sensing data can be useful for agriculture to increase productivity while protecting the environment and biodiversity. In the project "AgriSens DEMMIN 4.0 - Remote Sensing Technologies for Digitization in Crop Production", the German Aerospace Center (DLR) is testing suitable technologies in a regional experimental field in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.
Unusual ozone hole over the Artic
25 March 2020
We got used to the fact that an ozone hole appears every year in the Antarctic spring. Due to special meteorological conditions this spring a similar effect is observed over the northern polar region. The ozone hole is caused by the combination of temperatures below -80°C, sunlight, and ozone depleting substances (ODS). In contrast to the Antarctic, the Artic polar vortex in the spring is less stable and the temperatures inside the vortex are relative warm.
5. 5th Symposium of the Virtual Alpine Observatory in Bern
4 - 6 February 2020
On February 4, the fifth symposium of the Virtual Alpine Observatory (VAO) was opened at the University of Bern, Switzerland. Over the following three days, scientists from France, Germany, Italy, Austria, Slovenia, Czech Republic, Finland and ESA discussed the impact of climate change on the Alpine region and comparable mountain regions in Europe.
Congratulations, TerraSAR-X, on the 70,000st!
30 January 2020
At Gars O’Higgins in the Antarctic there was good reason to celebrate. The German radar satellite TerraSAR-X orbited the earth for the 70,000th time. Among other places, its data are acquired at the German Gars O’Higgins receiving station that is operated by DLR and the Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy and supported year-round by EOC staff.
BLOG: With Agulhas II into "perennial ice"
Progress report part 1 - 6
It began toward the end of September 2019 in a discussion with Dr. Christine Wesche of the Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI). The idea of using a supply trip by the icebreaker S.A. Agulhas II to the AWI Antarctic station to conduct some research at the same time evolved in a few weeks with the support of DLR, AWI, and not least also my family, into a concrete plan. After the obligatory medical check-up and instruction about environmental protection in the Antarctic we were to head toward South Africa already in mid-January.
MdB Schrodi visits EOC
23 January 2020
Michael Schrodi (SPD), a member of the German parliament, visited DLR in Oberpfaffenhofen on 22 January 2020. His interest in climate protection and climate change also brought him to EOC.
Smart data for sustainable cities
20 January 2020
Earth observation and artificial intelligence can be used to assist with sustainable development decisions. Some years ago, Earth underwent an epochal change, albeit one that was consciously perceived by only a few of us. For the first time in human history, more people are living in cities than in rural areas. Although this might not seem particularly remarkable at first glance, this change will ultimately affect each and every one of us, whether directly or indirectly – because the future is urban.
Bremen finance senator visits DLR in Bremen
20 January 2020
Bremen's finance senator, Dietmar Strehl, paid a visit to DLR in Bremen. Scientists at the EOC Maritime Safety and Security Lab informed the senator about the numerous capabilities of radar remote sensing of the oceans.
New earth observation sensors
15 January 2020
Aerial remote sensing supplements earth observation from space and contributes to the development of new satellite instruments and analytic methodologies. The cameras in use so far at EOC are now being replaced by new, improved instruments. They are available to all DLR scientists and their cooperating partners via the EOC user-service Optical Airborne Remote Sensing (OpAiRS).
Ice pilot: EOC sea ice analyses for maritime navigation in Arctic waters
14 January 2020
Sea ice can be dangerous for ships. If it is shoved together by storms, pressure ridges several metres thick can form, invincible even for icebreakers. EOC is working on methodologies for distinguishing types of sea ice and monitoring their drift to identify where potential pressure ridges could form. For this purpose EOC scientists rely on radar images that provide a picture of the ice situation regardless of cloud cover or polar night. For the analysis near Price Patrick Island in Canada shown here a time series recorded by the German radar satellite TerraSAR-X was used.
The birth of an iceberg
19 December 2019
Pine Island Glacier in the Antarctic is about to calve along its 35 km long front. The latest TerraSAR-X image shows that a tabular iceberg the size of Frank/Main is coming into being.
Australian ambassador visits EOC
16 December 2019
The Australian ambassador Lynette Wood paid a visit to the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Oberpfaffenhofen on 16 December 2019. She was welcomed by Prof. Hansjörg Dittus, executive board member for space research and technology. For years there have been close ties to science and business in Australia, earth observation being one of the fields that play a large role in this relationship.
50 years of satellite data reception at DLR's Neustrelitz site
12 December 2019
50 years after the first successful reception of measurement data, Neustrelitz has developed into an important hub in the network of worldwide receiving stations. Today, more than 17,000 passages pass through the site of the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) every year. In 2020, a new antenna will be added to the ground station to make it fit for the future.
Development of the Patagonian Ice Fields reveals the enormous complexity of physical interactions
10 December 2019
The glaciers and ice fields in the South American region of Patagonia have been in retreat since the Little Ice Age between the early 14th century and the mid-19th century. In recent decades, the loss of ice masses associated with tropospheric warming has accelerated. From 2000 to 2016 the Patagonian Ice Fields contributed approximately six percent to the eustatic sea level rise of 0.74 millimetres per year. This represents the average rise in sea levels due to all of the world's glaciers and ice caps – excluding the ice sheets of Greenland and Antarctica.
Copernicus Masters winner selected
10 December 2019
This year's Copernicus Master Prize in the DLR Environment, Energy & Health Challenge was awarded last week to the ajuma company, which was founded by EOC staff member Julian Meyer-Arnek. Ajuma plans to monitor personal UV dosage with the help of a portable sensor and a smartphone app. In addition, data from the Sentinel-5 Copernicus satellite will make it possible to take the UV hazard into account when planning outdoor activities.
MOSAiC: DLR is providing the world’s largest and longest polar research expedition with sharp radar vision from space
09. Dezember 2019
The Arctic is a vast expanse of ice and snow covering the Earth’s northernmost latitudes. Climate change has a strong, large-scale impact there, with ramifications that extend across the globe. A warming climate affects ice and water, the ocean currents, the atmosphere and the arctic ecosystem as a whole. Using their specialized expertise in sea ice monitoring, researchers at DLR’s Earth Observation Center (EOC) seek to better understand this interconnected system.
Monthly cloud-free Sentinel-2 mosaics of Germany free-of-charge
06 December 2019
EOC offers access to monthly cloud-free Sentinel-2 mosaics of Germany free-of-charge (Sentinel-2 L3A product). This data product has been consecutively processed since 2017, when Sentinel-2 began operations. A weighted averaging of 46 days of atmospherically corrected individual Sentinel-2 images achieves almost entirely cloud-free coverage.
Disaster management: testing a multi-risk-system demonstrator
02 December 2019
In recent decades people have become increasingly endangered worldwide by natural disasters – especially in densely settled urban areas. In the collaborative research project RIESGOS an interdisciplinary research team together with business partner is developing methods to assess multi-risk situations and their interactions using the example of the particularly endangered Andes region.
FireBIRD monitors fires in Australia
27 November 2019
On November 9 and November 14 it was possible to monitor the fires in New South Wales, Australia using DLR’s BIROS satellite data. The FireBIRD BIROS sensor has with 320 m a much higher spatial resolution than the standard thermal sensors from MODIS or the Sentinel-3 SLSTR (1 km).
At the focus of climate change
25 November 2019
On 22 November the ERATOSTHENES Centre of Excellence (ECoE) was launched in Limassol, Cyprus. Over the course of the next seven years it is expected to become a leading digital innovation centre (DIH) for earth observation and geodata. Its purpose is to thoroughly investigate the effects of global change on climate, land use, and society in the eastern Mediterranean, Near East and North Africa. Experts from the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and the Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research (TROPOS) are contributing to the centre's establishment.
Woodland and forests from space: visit of a Korean delegation
14 November 2019
The diversity of both tree species and ground terrain pose special challenges for the routine mapping of Korea's forests. For that reason, Korea's ambitious earth observation programme is to be expanded by a customized new platform, the Korean Agriculture and Forestry Satellite, KAFoS.
Energy Minister Christian Pegel visits DLR Neustrelitz
07 November 2019
On 30 October 2019, Christian Pegel (SPD), Minister for Energy, Infrastructure and Digitisation of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, visited the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Neustrelitz. During his tour, Minister Pegel gained an insight into the work of the department of the National Ground Segment. Its core competencies include data reception, the generation and delivery of Earth observation products and the archiving of payload data from national and international remote sensing missions and small scientific satellite missions.
WFP PRISM team visit to DLR on 28 October
06 November 2019
The WFP (World Food Programme) travelled to Oberpfaffenhofen on 28 October with various experts from the GIS/Remote Sensing sector to discuss joint projects and cooperation in the context of their initiative to set up their own Platform for Real-time Impact and Situation Monitoring.
EOC delivers application case for German Cloud Gaia-X
29 Oktober 2019
DLR is one of the first research institutions to participate in the development of a concept for a new European cloud and data infrastructure platform GAIA-X. DLR is providing an exciting application case from Earth observation for such a Hyper Scaler. This was announced by the German government at the Digital Summit 2019 in Dortmund.
German radar satellites provide valuable environmental data
23 October 2019
Scientific users from all over the world met at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Oberpfaffenhofen to exchange the results obtained from the data at the TerraSAR-X and TanDEM-X Science Meetings and to formulate requirements for future remote sensing technologies. More than 100 presentations from 21 to 24 October 2019 revealed the latest state of research.
DESIS data from the ISS now available for science and research!
18 October 2019
EOC can now supply data from the first German imaging spectrometer on board the International Space Station (ISS). The purpose of the related Announcement of Opportunity is to initiate the use of DESIS data for basic and applied research as well as for the development and demonstration of future operational applications. DLR has a limited data contingent that will be made available until the end of the mission free of charge for use in implementing the short proposals approved within the framework of the Announcement of Opportunity.
Earth observation for environment and climate
09 October 2019
Thorsten Glauber, Bavarian State Minister for the Environment and Consumer Protection, returned enthusiastically from the Schneeferner Haus in April. Climate research literally at the highest level: at 2650 metres just below the Zugspitze. What other areas does the German Aerospace Center (DLR) work in, and what is its focus on global change and climate research? This was the question that the Bavarian Environment Minister put to DLR in Oberpfaffenhofen on 8 October 2019.
Free-of-charge access to atmospherically corrected Sentinel-2 data for Germany
19 September 2019
DLR's Earth Observation Center offers users free-of-charge access to atmospherically corrected Sentinel-2 data with spatial coverage of Germany (time span: the past 12 months). The multispectral data indicate light reflectance from Earth's surface ("Bottom of Atmosphere" Reflectance, Level-2A data product), making it possible to characterise ground cover.
DRIVER+ Trial "Austria" and IRONORE2019 on 12th to 14th September 2019, Eisenerz/Austria
17 September 2019
To strengthen crisis management, the EU-project DRIVER+ (Driving Innovation in Crisis Management for European Resilience) conducted the fourth Trial, this time in the Eisenerz region (Styria, Austria) from 12 to 14 September 2019.
The 2019 ozone hole – a sign of recovery?
16 September 2019
September 16 is International Day for the Preservation of the Ozone Layer, an occasion to take a look at its present condition. Although chlorofluorocarbons have been internationally prohibited since the Montreal Protocol was signed in 1987, the chemical compounds remaining in the stratospheric ozone layer continue to break down ozone. However, the ozone hole that forms each year over the Antarctic is surprisingly small in 2019.
DLR presents solutions to protect the population and manage crises
12 September 2019
On 11 September 2019, Prof. Dr Pascale Ehrenfreund, Chairman of the Executive Board of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and Prof Dr Stefan Dech, Director of the German Remote Sensing Data Center of DLR, spoke at a joint information lunch organised by the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and the German Aerospace Forum (DLR) about DLR's contributions to solving global challenges and protecting the civilian population.
Explosion of a sulfur plant in Iraq – Sentinel-5P detects strong SO2 emission
26 July 2019
On 27 und 28 June the Sentinel-5P (S5P) satellite detected a very strong SO2 cloud in northern Iraq. The source for this strong emission was an explosion in the al-Mishraq sulphur plant located in Hamam al-Alil, south of Mosul. The plant caught fire in the afternoon of 26 June 2019. The TROPOMI spectrometer aboard S5P detected an emission of more than 14 tons of SO2 in the atmosphere.
Exploration of biological diversity from space
24 July 2019
Scientists from 30 countries have been working for five years on remote sensing methods in the Bavarian Forest National Park. With its data, the EOC is helping to establish an extensive data pool.
ZKI visits the Bavarian Red Cross (BRK) regional office in Munich
12 July 2019
A very productive working meeting took place on 10.07.2019 between the representatives of the department rescue service/safety research in the Bavarian Red Cross (BRK) and the colleagues of the ZKI.
DLR at the "Innovation for Crisis Management (I4CM)"
11 July 2019
This year's "Innovation for Crisis Management (I4CM)" event was held on 12 and 13 June 2019 in Copenhagen. The ZKI presented itself at the "Marketplace of Innovative Solutions" and results and innovative products of the Trial “The Netherlands”, which was organized and conducted in May 2019 with the participation of DLR as part of the DRIVER+ project.
Third EAGLE Summer Dialogue
10 July 2019
On 28 June 2019 the EAGLE Summer Dialogue took place for the third time at the Chair of Remote Sensing at the University of Würzburg. The EAGLE Msc. Program is an international course of studies for applied remote sensing at the University of Würzburg. The program was launched in 2016 in cooperation with the Earth Observation Center (EOC) of the German Aerospace Center (DLR).
Sentinel-5 Precursor: One volcano and 1,000,000 data packets
05 July 2019
A cloud stretches over the northern hemisphere for several thousands of kilometres. Raikoke volcano, one of Russia's Kuril Islands, hurled a massive plume of gases and ash more than 10 km up into the atmosphere when it erupted on 22 June.
Vegetation fires in Germany - ZKI supports with up-to-date location maps
02 July 2019
Also the DLR supports the action force in Mecklenburg-West Pomerania. With the help of ZKI-maps the estimation of the recent situation is assisted. Therefore different data sources are used. In addition to several satellite based sensors the Institute of Optical Sensor Systems made aerial photographs of the wild fires near Lübtheen with a special version of an „Modular Aerial Camera System“ (MACS) based on a research aircraft of the Freie Universität Berlin. Additionally, data of the DLR-research satellite mission FireBIRD/TET is used.
HSM User Conference 2019 – Archiving Big Data
11 June 2019
The 2019 HSM (Hierarchical Storage Management) User Conference took place at Ulrichshusen manor from 5 to 7 June. This event brought over 50 experts from Germany, Austria and the USA to the Mecklenburgische Seenplatte, a lake district in northern Germany, to learn first-hand about special software solutions for managing large data archives.
DLR-Symposium "Artificial Intelligence - Made in Germany"
07 June 2019
"Artificial intelligence, AI for short. Research institutions and the business sector have high expectations concerning what KI can mean for innovation and competitiveness in many areas. There are countless ideas about what could become possible with AI" stated Prof. Karsten Lemmer at the beginning of the "Artificial Intelligence - Made in Germany" Symposium on 4 June 2019.
Honorary Consul Thyben visits the EOC
29 May 2019
Mr. Gerhard Thyben, Honorary Consul of the Federal Republic of Germany in Cali, Colombia, visited DFD on 28 May 2019.
DLR tests innovative crisis management solutions in The Hague
28 May 2019
From 22 to 23 May 2019, a comprehensive flood scenario was simulated in The Hague as part of the DRIVER+ project. The scientists evaluated five innovative solutions. With the participation of crisis managers from several countries, this was an opportunity to examine innovative solutions for crisis management in Europe. The German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) organised the Trial together with the crisis team in The Hague (Safety Region The Hague) and at the same time tested new developments from the Centre for Satellite Based Crisis Information (ZKI) and the "KeepOperational" traffic management system from the Institute of Transportation Systems.
Terra_Byte – Top computing power for researching global change
27 May 2019
One of Europe's largest supercomputing centres – the Leibniz Computer Centre (LRZ) of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences – and Europe's largest space research institution – the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) – will work together to evaluate the vast quantities of data acquired by Earth observation satellites alongside other global data sources, such as social networks, on the state of our planet on a daily basis.
They're safe here!
17 May 2019
The German Satellite Data Archive (D-SDA) at EOC contains irreplaceable data from current and historic earth observation missions. In order to continue safeguarding these data as well as the data of thousands of users, while at the same time streamlining access to DLR data and services, a new user data management system has been instituted.
BBK and ZKI workshop with DRK, BRK, THW Bavaria, and Fire Academy Geretsried
16 May 2019
In January 2019 extreme snow falls in the whole Alpine foothills led to the declaration state of emergency in five Bavarian districts. On request of the federal office for civil protection and disaster relief the DLR supported through the ZKI-DE service with satellite-based map information about the situation of the snow coverage.
DLR conducts flight tests to test a 3-K camera system
06 May 2019
In preparation for a European disaster control project, the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR) is conducting daytime flight tests in Braunschweig between 13 and 17 May 2019. The DLR research aircraft D-CODE, a specially equipped Dornier Do 228-101, will be used.
DLR flight tests with the Cessna C-208B Grand Caravan
18 April 2019
The Flight Experiments facility and the Remote Sensing Technology Institute (IMF) of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) are conducting flight experiments in Braunschweig between 25 and 30 April 2019.
DLR becomes part of the artificial intelligence network HAICU
01 April 2019
With the Helmholtz Artificial Intelligence Cooperation Unit (HAICU ), the Helmholtz Association is building a forward-looking network for applied artificial intelligence (AI). HAICU will develop, implement and disseminate KI methods, for example for the analysis of complex systems in the fields of climate, energy, transport or health.
Karlheinz Busen and Bernd Reuther visit ZKI
01 April 2019
Two members of the German Bundestag, Karlheinz Busen (FDP) and Bernd Reuther (FDP), visited the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Oberpfaffenhofen on 28 March 2019 to hear about activities in the areas of digitisation, agriculture and transportation. They were particularly interested in the subject of "traffic applications" at the Center for Satellite Based Crisis Information (ZKI) of the Earth Observation Center (EOC).
Big Data from space -
seeking a solution for the flood of data from space
20 February 2019
Earth observation satellites supply us with important data so that we can rapidly identify and record processes like environmental and climate change, or the movement or disappearance of glaciers. Up-to-date maps can be produced for emergency relief teams in cases of disasters like floods or earthquakes. However, such information is based on huge mountains of data. The satellites of the European Copernicus programme are among the world's largest data producers.
GIZ Cooperation: Delegation from Azerbaijan and Georgia visit DFD
14 February 2019
On 11 and 12 February 2019 a Delegation from Azerbaijan and Georgia visited DFD. The occasion was a meeting connected with the GRAZE (Grassland Extent and Condition Mapping in Azerbaijan) project.
10 000 000 Gigabyte Sentinel at EOC
12 February 2019
Around five years ago, in April 2014, the first satellite of the European earth observation Copernicus programme was launched, Sentinel-1A. Meanwhile, seven Sentinel satellites are in operation. EOC processes and archives the data recorded by four of them, now amounting to over 10 petabytes.
Steffi Lemke visits ZKI
11 February 2019
Steffi Lemke, member of the Bundestag (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen), visited the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Oberpfaffenhofen on 8 February 2019 and was particularly interested in the work of the ZKI.
Surf Zone at the Border to Outer Space: Where Air Waves Collapse
11 February 2019
Waves not only influence the dynamics of water in the ocean but also of air in the atmosphere. So-called gravity waves are to be found especially in the upper mesosphere / lower thermosphere at about 80 to 100 kilometres altitude.
8th NDMC Meeting from 6 to 9 May 2019
Registration until 13 February
NDMC (Network for the Detection of Mesospheric Change) is a global programme with the aim of identifying changing climate signals in the mesopause region (80-100 km) at an early stage.
The eighth NDMC meeting will take place at DLR's Earth Observation Center in Oberpfaffenhofen.
"DLR Humanitarian Technology Days": UN World Food Programme and DLR sign agreement
8 February 2019
Humanitarian aid organisations are increasingly seeking technological support for their work in crisis and disaster areas. New technologies, such as satellite remote sensing, robotics and communications technology, help help aid workers to make the care and rescue of people in need as effective as possible. DLR has initiated a special event to jointly develop solutions: Around 80 scientists, humanitarian actors and sponsors have come together for the "DLR Humanitarian Technology Days", which took place in Oberpfaffenhofen from 6 to 7 February 2019.
Dam Collapse in Brazil
31 January 2019
A dam burst at an iron mine in the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais near the village Brumadinho released a wave of red iron waste. Satellite data has already been made available as part of the International Charter "Space and Major Disasters". DLR supports the crisis management activities with RapidEye data and an analysis of pre and post event satellite data.
Will Changes in the Stratosphere Lead to More Extreme Weather Events?
23 January 2019
In the past few weeks cool, moist air masses from the north led to heavy snowfall in the Alps. This would not have been, in principle, an unusual weather situation if it had not persisted so long. In February/March of last year there was also lots of snow in eastern Europe and it was particularly cold as well. The reason for extreme events of this type could be changes in the stratosphere. EOC researchers expect this to be more often the case in the future.
Extreme Snow conditions in Bavaria - ZKI-DE supports with remote sensing products
16 January 2019
Since January 5, 2019 the whole Alpine foothills are affected by heavy snow falls. Therefore, in five Bavarian districts a state of emergency was declared.
Copyright © 2020 German Aerospace Center (DLR). All rights reserved.