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Applications and Projects: Geo-Risks and Civil Security
Establishing linked services for global environmental monitoring, developing early warning systems and disaster management gains increasing importance against a background of climate change. EOC participates in numerous relevant EU and ESA projects, cooperates with national and international organizations such as the UN Spider office and Germany’s disaster aid organization THW, and operates the Center for Satellite Based Crisis Information ZKI.
(02/2021 - 01/2023)
Artificial Intelligence for analysis and fusion of Earth Observation and internet data to support situational awareness in emergency response
Frequency and intensity of natural disasters are steadily increasing. Authorities and organisations with security tasks (BOS) are facing increasingly greater challenges with regard to the availability and use of near-real-time and large-scale information for assessing the disaster situation. In addition, there are currently no solutions for automated analysis and fusion of heterogeneous big data, such as Earth Observation and internet data, in such a way that a holistic and dynamically updated situation picture is created. AIFER develops artificial intelligence (AI) methods to automatically extract and fuse information from satellite, aerial image and drone data as well as from geo-social media and news.
(09/2020 – 08/2022)
The transport of humanitarian goods poses serious problems for NGOs. The drivers of aid transports are exposed to risks from muggings, animal attacks and diseases like malaria or Ebola. In addition, the affected regions often lack sufficient infrastructure for transport, for example in the rough and flood-prone areas of southern Sudan. In the AHEAD project, special off-road vehicles will be teleoperated that can move in terrain that cannot be reached by boats or trucks only.
(10/2020 – 09/2022)
Katastrophenmanager fordern häufig satellitengestützte Kriseninformationen für die Hochwasserüberwachung an, um die oft begrenzten Ressourcen gezielt zu nutzen und um im Katastrophenfall die einzelnen Aktivitäten zu priorisieren. Das Projekt AI4Flood zielt darauf ab, bestehende satellitengestützte Notfallkartierungsmethoden aus SAR-Daten zu verbessern, indem neue Algorithmen für maschinelles Lernen zur Extraktion von Wasserflächen bei Hochwasser-ereignissen getestet und validiert werden.
(10/2020 – 10/2026)
Im Rahmen eines Auftrags des Joint Research Centers (JRC) der Europäischen Kommission erfolgt durch die sog. Expert Flood Monitoring Alliance (EODC, DLR, LIST, GeoVille, TU Wien, LIST, CIMA) der Aufbau und Betrieb eines automatischen und globalen Sentinel-1 basierten Hochwassersystems für den Copernicus Emergency Management Service (CEMS).
(05/2019 – 05/2022)
The European Union develops capabilities to increase readiness and to contribute to effective crisis management and disaster prevention when needed. It can involve military and non-military measures to address the full spectrum of crises – before, during and after conflicts or disasters. The aim of the project is to develop a technical platform capable of supporting and conducting crisis management, decision making support, disaster response exercises, operational options/alternatives and consequence assessment as well as situational awareness analysis in order to enhance decision-making processes.
(01/2020 – 12/2021)
In a crisis event, humanitarian aid organisations often do not have the latest spatial information at the required scale, which they would urgently need for many decision-making assessments. In the project "Demand-driven Data Services for Humanitarian Aid" (Data4Human), remote sensing data and other data sources are to be analysed in order to identify they possible use in the humanitarian context.
(10/2019 – 09/2021)
Im Oktober 2019 startete zusammen mit Kollegen der Cyprus University of Technology (CUT) das Projekt NAVIGATOR – Copernicus Earth Observation Big Data for Cultural Heritage. Dieses Projekt läuft im Rahmen des europäischen „RESEARCH PROMOTION FOUNDATION PROGRAMMES FOR RESEARCH, TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT AND INNOVATION – RESTART 2016 – 2020“.
(11/2017 – 10/2020)
11/2017 – 10/2020
In recent decades people have become increasingly endangered worldwide by natural disasters – especially in densely settled urban areas. In the collaborative research project RIESGOS (spanish, “risks”) an interdisciplinary research team together with business partner is developing methods to assess multi-risk situations and their interactions using the example of the particularly endangered Andes region.
(05/2017 - 10/2020)
HEIMDALL aims at improving preparedness of societies to cope with complex crisis situations by providing a flexible platform for multi-hazard emergency planning and management, which makes use of innovative technologies for the definition of multi-disciplinary scenarios and response plans, providing integrated assets to support emergency management, such as monitoring, modelling, situation and risk assessment, decision support and communication tools. HEIMDALL fosters data and information sharing among the relevant stakeholders, maximises the accuracy of valuable information and improves population awareness.
(03/2007 - 07/2010)
The purpose of SAR-HQ is to develop methodologies specifically designed for mapping floods and assessing damage by studying and improving the usefulness of high resolution X-band radar data. Since floods are usually accompanied by widespread cloud cover, SAR remote sensing platforms, which operate independently of the weather situation, are particularly suitable for rapidly and cost effectively obtaining information on flooded areas at reliable repetition intervals.
(BMWi, 07/2016 - 06/2019)
Mit der Copernicus Data and Exploitation Platform – Deutschland (CODE-DE) baut das EOC den nationalen Copernicus Zugang für die Daten aller Sentinel-Satelliten auf.
(2015 - 2018)
The project EGSIEM (European Gravity Service for Improved Emergency Management), which is funded by the Horizon2020 Framework Program for Research and Innovation of the European Union, aims at using gravity field analysis for forecasting and mapping of hydrological extremes like large-scale draughts and flood events. Observations of the redistribution of environmental mass in the Earth system (hydrology, ice, ocean and atmosphere) are not part of the inventory of EO data products to date, although they constitute a new and unique remote sensing opportunity.
Within BOSS4GMES (Building Operational Sustainable Services for GMES; B4G for short) three fast track services (Land Monitoring, Maritime Information, Emergency Response) serve as a test case to support the operational provision of GMES services from 2008 onwards. B4G prepares the technical, managerial and contractual baselines of these services in the transition to an operational phase and introduces GMES users to these services.
ZKI-DE – ZKI Service for Federal Agencies
(2013 – today)
The German Federal Ministry of the Interior (BMI) established a framework contract which enables national authorities and other authorized users to order products of the Center for Satellite Based Crisis Information (ZKI), beginning from January 2013.
(2014 - 2018)
The goal of DLR transport research is to devise approaches for convincing solutions to relevant traffic problems. In order to achieve efficient and focused traffic management for large public events and major catastrophes, a reliable system is to be developed to optimize joint decision-making by public authorities, organizations with security responsibilities, and public transport agencies. In the VABENE project, up-to-date traffic information and forecasts will be used for situation assessment, and decision options will be presented with the help of an integrated management and visualization tool. The required data will be obtained in real time through aerial traffic and infrastructure monitoring with the help of optical and radar instruments.
(5/2016 - 4/2018)
The number of forcibly uprooted people rises every year. Humanitarian action as one part of the response to this situation relies on targeted, up-to date and reliable information to handle this challenge. Within precursor activities and a close collaboration with Doctors without Borders (MSF), Z_GIS has started developing Earth-observation (EO) based solutions for the humanitarian sector. The aim of the project EO4HumEn+ is to implement more automated routines to exploit the data stream of e.g. the Sentinel mission, improving the capabilities of EO methods to provide realistic population estimations also in urban areas as well as extend the established service portfolio to the diversifying needs of the humanitarian community, cooperating with a wide range of NGOs including ICRC, the Austrian Red Cross, SOS Children’s Villages, MSF and Groundwater Relief.
Dykes under Pressure - Technical and ecological vulnerability and resilience of dyke landscapes
(11/2014 - 10/2017)
11/2014 - 10/2017
Within the project “Dykes under Pressure“, methods for analyzing the data of the Sentinel-1/2 and national satellite missions (TerraSAR-X, RapidEye) will be developed, enabling optimized and synergetic use of these systems to monitor technical and ecological vulnerability and resilience of dyke landscapes.
(11/2014 – 12/2016)
The project “Advancing SAR and optical methods for rapid mapping” (ASAPTERRA) has the principal objective of further developing rapid mapping techniques for three types of natural hazards – floods, landslides and fires – using active as well as passive information sources. The resulting algorithms will be evaluated in real case applications during rapid mapping activities.
(11/2012 - 10/2017)
Ziel des Forschungs- und Entwicklungsvorhabens OPUS-GMES ist die Unterstützung von Aktivitäten zur Vorbereitung und Etablierung eines Copernicus Zentrums in Deutschland. Dieses Zentrum soll einen nationalen Zugang zu Satellitendaten des europäischen Sentinel-Programms gewährleisten, Prozessierungs- und Archivierungsfunktionen bereitstellen sowie nationale und europäische Funktionen zur Versorgung von Nutzern mit Daten, Produkten und Services übernehmen.
(01/2016 – 03/2017)
01/2016 – 03/2017
Ethiopia-Harar SOS Children's Village
More than 1.5 million children and their families in over 130 countries around the world are currently receiving support from the humanitarian relief organisation SOS Children's Villages International. The Department of Geo-Risks and Civil Security at DLR is supporting the organisation to employ Earth Observation technology in developing a comprehensive emergency and disaster management concept. The study focused on disaster preparedness and early warning; emergency mapping; and humanitarian technologies as a whole. Pre-operational Emergency Mapping Services, as well as automated services for satellite based fire and flood information, were developed and tested.
G-SEXTANT is an FP 7 project within the Copernicus (formerly GMES) framework. The goal is to develop a portfolio of earth observation products and services which first of all meet the needs of the European External Action Service for geospatial information. The focus is on developing options for pre-operational services in defined contexts (such as humanitarian aid, or natural resources in conflict regions), adapting products to meet user requirements, and developing a standardized product portfolio.
(2011 - 2014)
In 2005, the establishment of core elements of a tsunami early warning system for the Indian Ocean with emphasis on Indonesia started within the framework of the GITEWS (German-Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System) project. In this project, an early warning system was designed under the lead management of GFZ and a consortium of German research institutions (AWI, DLR, GVW, GEOMAR, KDM, BGR, UNU-EHS and GIZ). The system was handed over to Indonesia on 29 March, 2011. The structure of the system follows a so-called end-to-end approach, considering the whole warning chain from the detection of a natural disaster via decision support and warning dissemination, up to training and education of the local population as well as disaster preparedness.
(01/2009 - 2012)
The EU SAFER project (Strategies and Actions for Flood Emergency Risk Management) is designed to convert the existing satellite-based emergency mapping system into a routinely operating service (ERCS - Emergency Response Core Service).
TerraFirma - Pan-European Ground Motion Hazard Information Service
(2003 - 2012)
2003 - 2012
TerraFirma is an information service which measures ground and building movement with the help of radar satellite data. Many natural and human-related processes can cause these movements, which range from millimeters to meters. Such movement can, for example, damage important infrastructure or pose a risk of flooding, resulting in high costs. The service is first focusing on measuring ground displacement in European urban areas and in the future will also expand services to include other risk areas like slope collapse and earthquake zones. The Earth Observation Center (EOC) of DFD is a service provider producing data products on this type of movement on a routine basis. IMF contributes to the quality assurance efforts of the TerraFirma consortium and develops and validates new methodologies. The project was extended in 2009 for three years.
(2005 - 2011)
The German concept for establishing a tsunami early warning system for the Indian Ocean makes use of various types of measuring instruments (sensors). In about 90% of all cases a tsunami is caused by an earthquake; other causes are volcanic eruptions and slope collapse. The goal is to obtain the earliest possible indication of a tsunami and its extent by evaluating the measured values of various parameters.
European Maritime Security Services MARISS is a project financed by ESA for the purpose of establishing consistent and sustainable European maritime safety services to monitor marine borders and shipping. It was developed to meet relevant requirements of European and local users and integrates both earth observation and in-situ data to provide monitoring functions for European coasts and seas. Services also include watching for illegal trade, fishing, and immigration (boat people) in the waters of the European Union.
(02/2008 - 01/2011)
DeMarine is a German interface project financed by the Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology and complementing other European projects with similar maritime concerns. The focus is on representing German interests in GMES and developing an appropriate national infrastructure toward this end. The project has two parts, which are in turn further subdivided into several subprojects addressing various issues.
DLR heads the DeMarine subproject PaRol, which is concerned with investigating dangerous, unstable ship conditions caused by wind and waves. By providing a component related to ship detection using satellites, DLR also participates in the ShipDetec subproject led by OHB Bremen.
(02/2008 - 01/2011)
02/2008 - 01/2011
DeMarine Security is one of Germany’s national GMES interface projects. DeMarine Security focuses on the development of satellite based services and demonstrations to improve the surveillance of the maritime environment and specifically to improve the security of ship routes and ship based transport. EOC contributes to this project its expertise in SAR data and its near-real-time data acquisition capabilities in Neustrelitz.
The purpose of the LIMES (Land/Sea Integrated Monitoring for European Security) project is to specify and develop prototype information services based on satellite technologies in support of security management at European and global levels. DLR coordinates the “Humanitarian Aid and Reconstruction” cluster and participates in the development of innovative earth observation technologies.
(2006 - 2009)
RESPOND is one of twelve ESA GMES Service Elements concerned with the routine exploitation of earth observation technology. It addresses the topic of humanitarian aid and has the goal of establishing an open European service partnership for basic map products, crisis analysis and disaster monitoring.
(11/2005 - 11/2008)
11/2005 - 11/2008
Marine & Coastal Environmental Information Services
As part of MarCoast, routine services to monitor the maritime environment in all European waters are being provided. The consortium includes some 40 partners and is led by Alcatel Alenia Space of France. Users are the European Commission (specifically the European Environmental Agency EEA) and various institutions in all European coastal countries. The purpose of the service is to support the monitoring of maritime environmental conventions such as OSPAR and HELCOM.
Services cover the following main areas: oil pollution detection, monitoring and drift forecasting; monitoring and assessing water quality; and detecting and predicting the spreading of algal blooms.
German participants other than DLR are Brockmann Consult and the Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH)
GMOSS - Global Monitoring for Security and Stability
(03/2004 - 03/2008)
As a network of excellence, GMOSS (Global Monitoring for Security and Stability) supported research and technology for civil security in the framework of GMES. The aim of GMOSS was to integrate European research and development in earth observation in this context. GMOSS has enlarged the basis of knowledge and expertise, thus enabling Europe to use its capacities for efficient monitoring in support of civil security and humanitarian aid.
(01/2013 - 06/2015)
The Copernicus (former GMES) FP 7 project G-NEXT builds on the work performed in precursor GMES security and emergency projects like G-MOSAIC, LIMES and SAFER. It aims at providing geospatial products for supporting users of the GMES Security domain in managing situations of complex crises caused by man-made or natural disasters. Such support to the crisis management ranges from pre-crisis or prevention (contingency plans, reference mapping), to the phase soon after the event (event mapping, crisis area mapping, critical assets), and finally to the post event phase (damage assessment and monitoring mode) in general.
(2009 - 2011)
The G-MOSAIC (GMES Services for Management of Operations, Situation Awareness and Intelligence for regional Crisis) project focuses on identifying and developing with the help of reference users products, methodologies and pilot services which provide information gathered from space for EU foreign policy makers. Services will be established which facilitate decision making based on satellite data.
(11/1999 - )
RISK-EOS is a GMES Service Element designed to provide disaster-relevant information on European fires and floods. A number of service providers support all phases of disaster management: prevention, early warning, the immediate disaster, and postcrisis assessment.
According to current climate projections, Mediterranean countries are at high risk for an even pronounced susceptibility to changes in the hydrological budget and extremes. The strategy of CLIMB - Climate Induced Changes on the Hydrology of Mediterranean Basins - is aiming to employ and integrate advanced field monitoring techniques, remote sensing analyses and retrievals, climate models auditing and integrated hydrologic modeling and socioeconomic factor assessment in a new conceptual framework to significantly reduce existing uncertainties in climate change impact analysis.
(12/2009 - 12/2012)
LinkER, a Service Contract financed by the EC, is the Preparatory Action intended to support the operational use of GMES Emergency Response Service products across the whole European Union. This goal is being reached through customized tools installed within each national/EC user community, represented by its own National User Focal Point (FP) as well as the EC Focal points in the DG ENV (Civil Protection), DG RELEX (Delegations) and DG ECHO (humanitarian aid). All Focal Points will have direct access to GMES Emergency Response Service products and will be supported to easily integrate them into the respective operational workflows of each Participating State. Both technical and procedural developments will be supported by adequate training and exercises.
(2007 - 2010)
The DeSecure project was initiated by the DLR Space Agency. Its aim is to support satellite based crisis information for users in the German government. The entire production cycle (from data reception, pre-processing and information extraction to data delivery) is being analyzed and improved. Another focus is the integration of German mission data such as from TerraSAR-X and RapidEye in this production cycle. Beyond the generation of satellite-based crisis information the use of RapidEye data in science is being supported.
(2013 - 2014)
ResGrow deals with the expansion of the use for EO based information services for renewable energies (solar, wind, wave/tide, biomass, hydro). We investigate the use of cloud physical parameter statistics from geostationary satellites (MSG) and the APOLLO retrieval scheme for a more sophisticated solar energy site characterization. Additionally, a review of biomass information usage potentials is foreseen.
(2012 - 2018)
2012 - 2018
SASSCAL (Southern Africa Science Service Centre for Climate Change and Adaptive Land-use) is a joint initiative of Angola, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Germany, responding to the challenges of global change and is foreseen as the regional driver for innovation and knowledge exchange to enhance adaptive land use and sustainable economic development in Southern Africa under global change conditions.
(01/2013 - 12/2014)
Framework to integrate Space-based and in-situ sensing for dynamic vulnerability and recovery Monitoring:
As millions of people are exposed to significant natural hazards every year, the GMES/Copernicus FP 7 project “SENSUM – Framework to integrate Space-based and in-situ sENSing for dynamic vUlnerability and recovery Monitoring” responds to the urgent need to monitor and map time-dependent hazard and vulnerability. By the combination of space-based and in-situ data collection for test sites in and outside Europe, the project aims to develop a comprehensive approach and methodology for dynamic, multi-resolution monitoring of pre-disaster vulnerability and post-disaster recovery planning and monitoring. Under the lead management of GFZ and a consortium of eight prominent international scientific institutions including the DLR, the project is meant to set a new standard for future mapping of vulnerabilities.
(2005 - 2009)
2005 - 2009
The destructive power of extreme natural events is causing more and more material damage and loss of life. As the number of natural disasters increases globally, coordinated disaster management becomes more important. During recent years, several research centers within the Helmholtz Association have gained extensive expertise in the field of disaster management. Linked via the Natural Disaster Networking Platform (NaDiNe), this expertise will be provided to a larger number of users beyond the realm of science institutions.
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