Real-time aerial imaging makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the situation in a disaster area. The characteristics of RPAS mean that they are increasing in significance in this context. As part of the DRIVER project, the research aircraft D-CODE will be used as a RPAS demonstrator in order to record aerial images of a crisis area and make them available to rescue teams on the ground in near real-time.The mission flight will take place in non-separated airspace. A significant first step for the use of unmanned aircraft (RPAS) in crisis management.
Flooding, storms, extreme winter weather, forest fires, earthquakes or technical disasters repeatedly affect wide areas of Europe. The European Union is funding the project "Driving Innovation in Crisis Management for European Resilience" (DRIVER) as part of the 7th Framework Programme (FP7) in order to be better prepared for these events across borders and to be able to organise the necessary help efficiently. The project began in May 2014 with a total of 36 European project partners from 15 countries. DRIVER is thus one of the world's biggest publicly funded demonstration projects in the field of crisis management.
With the participation of DLR, the EU project DRIVER brings together a variety of technologies for crisis management in the wake of a disaster and applies them in a Europe-wide joint demonstration. Real-time aerial imaging makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the situation on the ground in a disaster area and therefore to the targeted planning of response personnel deployment. The use of RPAS is becoming increasingly significant in particular in civil disaster control and crisis management. This is due on the one hand to the fact that they can be deployed even in areas which are hazardous or very difficult to access and, on the other, to the opportunity which they provide for observing at-risk or affected areas over a long period of time.
It is on this point that DLR's work is focused. For DRIVER, the research aircraft D-CODE will be equipped with camera systems provided by DLR's Earth Observation Centre (EOC) in Oberpfaffenhofen. Using the 3K camera system employed here an area of 80 square kilometres can be imaged, geo-referenced aerial images can be produced and the results transmitted to the ground station via a data link – all in approx. two minutes, depending on flight altitude. In order to test unmanned flights in controlled airspace and for the demonstration of RPAS flights for disaster control, the research aircraft D-CODE, a Dornier 228, was modified in such a way that flight instructions from the ground can be received and processed. Real-time aerial images are sent to the ground station for evaluation during the flight in order not only to establish the area affected but equally to spot people in the crisis area. The aircraft's flight and mission planning takes place from the U-FLY ground station for unmanned aircraft at the Institute of Flight Guidance in Braunschweig.
ATOS Spain SA (Lead)
AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH
Association pour la Recherche et le Développement des méthodes et processus Industriels (Armines)
Austrian Red Cross Research GmbH
Centro de Innovación Tecnológica para Logística y Transporte Mercancías Carretera
Dansk Røde Kors (Danish Red Cross)
Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. (DLR)
DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V.
Disaster Waste Recovery
Ecorys Nederland B.V.
Edisoft- Empresa de Servicos e Desenvolvimento de Software SA
EPLFM (Entente Pour la Forêt Méditerranéenne)
European Organisation for Security SCRL
European Union Satellite Centre
Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
GMV Aerospace and Defence SA Unipersonal
HKV Lijn in Water B.V.
Institute of Information and Communication Technologies
ITTI sp. z o.o.
JRC - Joint Research Centre- European Commission
Magen David Adom in Israel
Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek (TNO)
Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO)
Pole Euroméditerranéen sur les Risques Association
Public Safety Communication Europe Forum
Technisches Hilfswerk (THW)
THG - City of the Hague
Thales Communications & Security
The British Red Cross Society Royal Charter
Universität Stuttgart IAT (Institut für Arbeitswissenschaft und Technologiemanagement)
Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster