At the national aerospace exhibition Aerosalon MAKS in Zhukovsky in Moscow (27 August to 01 September 2019), which took place for the eighth time, the German Aerospace Center also presented itself. On around 100 square metres, DLR presented concepts and technologies for tomorrow's space travel and aviation. The presentation focused, among other things, on German-Russian cooperation projects.
"DLR and Russian research institutions share a long-standing and successful cooperation in the field of aeronautics and space travel," says DLR Executive Board member Prof. Dr. Hansjörg Dittus, responsible for space travel research and technology. "This year, we are delighted to be able to present MATROSHKA, an experiment for measuring space radiation on the ISS, among others, a German-Russian joint project as a sign of many years of intensive cooperation.
When analysing radiation exposure during space missions, it is not only the quantity of the various types of radiation that is important, but above all their biological effectiveness. To investigate these questions, there was a so-called phantom inside and outside the ISS. The phantom was "Matroshka", a special dummy developed and built by the DLR Institute of Aerospace Medicine. This "phantom dummy" - with head and upper body - reproduces a human torso. It has a skeleton and is made of tissue-like materials. Active and passive radiation detectors for measuring space radiation are located in over 800 positions inside the doll, including positions of the human organs.
Further information on MAKS: German aerospace research at MAKS in Moscow