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Institute of Atmospheric Physics
Affiliation: Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt, Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
Prof. Dr. Markus Rapp
Head of the Institute
Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre
The Institute of Atmospheric Physics investigates the physics and chemistry of the global atmosphere from the Earth's surface up to the upper boundary of the middle atmosphere at about 120 km height. As an institute of the German Aerospace Center (DLR) we answer questions associated with atmospheric processes and with relevance to the research programmes "Aeronautics, Space, and Transportation" and "Energy" of the Helmholtz Association (HGF).
Evaluating the EMAC global climate model using the newly-developed ESMValTool
A detailed evaluation of the global climate-chemistry model EMAC was carried out using the Earth System Model Validation Tool. Four EMAC simulations have been evaluated in order to identify differences in simulated ozone and selected climate parameters that resulted from (i) different setups of the EMAC model (nudged versus free-running) and (ii) different boundary conditions (emissions, sea surface temperatures and sea-ice concentrations)
Aerosol research group Weinzierl awarded with ERC Starting grant
Physicist Professor Bernadett Weinzierl is at DLR-Institute of Atmospheric Physics in Oberpfaffenhofen and at LMU’s Institute for Meteorology, and her research focuses on the physics of aerosols in Earth’s atmosphere. Aerosols are tiny particles such as mineral dust or black carbon suspended in the air. These particles can be transported over distances of thousands of kilometers and, because they can absorb and scatter solar radiation and affect cloud formation, they have a significant impact on atmospheric chemistry, air quality, climate and local weather.
The effects of the transport sectors emissions on global atmospheric aerosols and climate
Numerical simulations with a global chemistry-climate model show that the emissions from the transport sectors (land-based transport, shipping and aviation) have important impacts on atmospheric aerosol and climate. Several numerical simulations were performed with the global chemistry-climate model EMAC, coupled to the aerosol model MADE, to quantify the effect of transport emissions on atmospheric aerosol and climate.
Sustainable Aviation with the help of climate-optimized flight planning
Aviation plays an important role in the global mobility. However, it also alters the atmospheric composition and thereby contributes to climate change. In the light of developing sustainable aviation climate-optimized flight planning offers one possibility to mitigate aviation climate impact. A feasibility study on climate-optimized flight planning was performed within the European collaborative project REACT4C and has been awarded the Aviation Award 2014 by the Airport of Stuttgart. This study of scientists of the institute and other coauthors from the European project team has the title 'Reduction of air traffic contribution to climate change: a REACT4C case study'.
The ozone hole will be closed
On behalf of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), scientists of the Institute of Atmospheric Physics and other DLR instituts have contributed as lead-authors and reviewers to the current assessment of the evolution of the ozone layer in the stratosphere. Newest studies indicate that the ozone layer in the mid-21st century will have the same thickness as observed in the early 1980s.
Institute of Atmospheric Physics
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