Safety, comfort, and responsible use of natural resources are in the focus of the work regarding road and rail- way vehicles. In both, the research topics of energy management, vehicle dynamics and vehicle intelligence are addressed. These activities shall in particular exploit the opportunities offered by electro mobility as well as support its establishment as a mainstream technology. The development of modular, mechatronic, and highly integrated chassis and propulsion systems benefits from an integrated approach based on common vehicle concepts. This idea serves as a framework across the DLR for the coordinated development of concepts, methods, and technologies in the Next Generation Car and Next Generation Train projects.