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The majority of traffic accidents iscaused by driver errors. Driver assistance systems are aimed to support the driver and can sustainably boost traffic safety and efficiency. The goal of the Institute of Transportation Systems is to examine driver behaviour, driver stress and strain, and accidents in order to derive the requirements for future driver assistance systems. The DLR combines its technological expertise with psychological and ergonomic research to produce effective driver assistance systems which satisfy the capabilities and expectations of the driver. Their implementation is evaluated during tests in a driving simulator, test drives and in real-world road traffic.
The globalisation of the economy and the growing demand in mobility lead to an enormous increase of traffic volume, which is primarily taken by the road. In order to work against this trend, the competitiveness of the railway as a means of transport has to be enhanced. An efficient usage of the railway system as well as technical and operational interoperability are important key factors for this. The research activities in the field of Railway Systems concentrate on the development of innovative technologies, methods and concepts for the operational, technical and economic optimisation of the railway system in the context of railway automation. Our goal is to make rail traffic more safe, efficient and competitive while advancing the European harmonization.
The Institute of Transportation Systems develops methods and tools for improving the efficiency of transportation tasks through automation, develops the digitisation and simulation processes which are necessary for this purpose and applies it – with the aim of increasing sustainability whilst simultaneously ensuring mobility – to the application domain of airports. The special characteristics of airports with regard to international trans-shipments, the necessary flexibilisation of goods and passenger flows as well as the landside connection to the increasingly digitally-controlled transport chains form the points of contact for the tool and method chains of the TS institute. The TS solutions are thereby becoming increasingly domain-independent, with the result that in the future, it will be possible for transitions to other application domains to be designed in a more flexible and barrier-free manner, thereby facilitating efficient and sustainable solutions.
Traffic management can increase the efficiency of road traffic using new concepts of organizing and servicing traffic. As basis for the process to influence the traffic, adequate information about the current traffic situation have to be gathered. The tasks can be divided into different parts: the development of innovative methods for monitoring traffic (traffic monitoring), traffic simulation and forecast, the development of methods to influence traffic operations and quality in transportation. The work at the institute concentrates on the management of major traffic systems (e.g. metropolitan areas) and special events.
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