Avoiding greenhouse gas emissions by burning fossil fuels is one of the most important challenges facing mankind.
Green hydrogen as an energy source is a promising alternative for sector coupling and for future low-emission energy systems. Fuel cells are ideally suited To convert hydrogen and other high efficiency fuels into electrical energy and heat. Since this conversion is emission-free for hydrogen, fuel cells can play an important role in reducing harmful emissions.
Fields of application for fuel cells are: (i) electric vehicles including heavy-duty transport, (ii) mobile and stationary electricity and heat generation, and (iii) Electricity and heat generation for maritime applications.
The research of electrochemical energy storage pursues a wide range of research and development topics in the field of fuel cells at the Stuttgart and Oldenburg locations.
Different types of fuel cells are investigated in the Department of Electrochemical Energy Technology. This includes:
1) High-temperature fuel cells (operating temperature > 400°C), i. e. solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs).
2) Low temperature fuel cells (operating temperature < 200°C) consisting of low temperature (NT) and high temperature (HT) Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) and anion exchange membrane fuel cells (AEMFC) .
The scope of work includes stationary applications and autonomous power supplies (SOFC, HT-PEM, AEMFC), as well as maritime (HT-PEM) and transport applications (LT-PEM, AEMFC).
The specific challenges of fuel cells and their components are highly dependent on the respective application. In all cases, both service life and efficiency need to be increased in order to allow competitiveness and commercialisation. In order to find specific solutions to this challenge, the ECE department deals with research topics from the material level (e. g. catalyst synthesis), component development (e. g. electrode manufacturing), to the cell and stack level. The integration of innovative approaches into systems completes this expertise.
The department has all the expertise to cover the entire fuel cell value chain, thus offering effective and specific solutions. This is done through research projects and in close cooperation with other research and SME and industrial partners.
For reasons of data privacy, this listing may be incomplete.