Urban passenger transport and goods supply systems serve people's mobility needs and enable economic development in cities. However, traffic also has negative effects, especially in densely populated areas, such as the impairment of public health and quality of life through air pollution and noise pollution or land use conflicts over the scarce urban space. The political objective is to avoid the increase in motorized traffic.
Digitization offers new possibilities for resolving conflicting goals in this area. This is how new mobility and logistics concepts and the corresponding business models become possible and attractive. At the same time, there are a large number of unanswered questions about the acceptance of the concepts, economic efficiency and scalability, as well as the ecological and traffic effects.
The overriding question of "UrMo Digital" is which mobility and logistics concepts in which form and in which spatial structures could be a meaningful part of a future transport system.
As part of the institutionally funded “UrMo Digital” project, eight research institutes of the German Aerospace Center analyze and evaluate new mobility and logistics concepts in the context of digitization in urban areas. The Institute for Transport Research leads the project and is also significantly involved in the content work, in particular in the investigation and description of relevant mobility and logistics concepts, the investigation of user requirements and their influence on the mobility behavior of different social groups and the influence on the decision-making behavior of Actors in freight transport and modeling the effects.
The aim of the project is to analyze the potential and limits of the development, deployment and use of new mobility and logistics concepts in the context of digitization in cities and their suburban interconnected areas and to evaluate them with regard to their effects on mobility decisions, traffic, space, noise and pollutants. This is done for specifically considered and modeled rooms and is made transferable to other rooms on the basis of structural features. The time horizon considered is the next five to ten years.
The project addresses a number of research needs in relation to empirical findings, the expansion of models (including TAPAS, SUMO, FreightTransportLab and UrMoAC) as well as technology developments.
The processing takes place in several interlinked sub-projects. First of all, relevant mobility and logistics concepts are analyzed and described in order to use this as a basis to examine the influence on the mobility behavior of people or actors in freight transport in qualitative and quantitative surveys. The empirical results are incorporated into various models in order to quantify the traffic and spatial effects. In addition, the emissions in the real traffic area as well as the noise-related effects and noise pollution are examined. To this end, new measurement techniques are being developed that make it possible to record the actual driving emissions. In addition, suitable vehicle concepts are designed that are suitable for new mobility and logistics solutions.
Participating DLR institutes
from 01/2019 to 12/2021