Atmospheric research needs emission inventories to determine the impact of different sectors and various compounds on the atmospheric composition. Consequences to be considered include climate change, regional and local air pollution with their impacts on human health and the natural or built environment.
Unlike other sectors, road transport’s energy consumption and related emissions of greenhouse gases has risen in most parts of the world. It is expected to stay a significant source of pollutant emissions for the next decades, even when exhaust emission standards become more tightened and fuel quality improves.
We are modelling the exhaust emissions from road vehicles in all countries of the world. The emissions are reconstructed back to 1970 for the past. Different transport scenarios are formulated to explore the range of potential emission developments up and beyond 2025 and 2050. Emissions are calculated for each country separately; they are also allocated to 1° longitude by 1° latitude grid.
The inventory is comprehensive including all important direct and indirect greenhouse gases; it is validated by cross-check with the national fuel balances; it is consistent across countries and regions; it is detailed by five vehicle categories and four fuel types each. Thereby we go substantially beyond current knowledge.
QUANTIFY - Quantifying the Climate Impact of Global and European Transport Systems
The research project QUANTIFY aims at assessing the climate impacts
DLR – Transportation Studies develops new emission inventories for the surface modes of transportation (road, rail, and inland shipping) for the base year 2000. Furthermore, we develop dedicated transport scenarios within the frame of the IPCC SRES 2000 scenarios. Special attention is paid to transport developments and emissions in Europe and the Asian regions. This work is co-founded by the European Commission as Integrated Project within the 6th Framework Programme for Research. The project runs from 2005 to 2010.
- Air Pollution Research at Tshinghua University, Beijing/China - CICERO – Center for International Climate and Environmental Research, Oslo/Norway- CIRT - Central Institute for Road Transport, Pune/India- CST - Center for Sustainable Transport at the Chinese Academy of Transport Sciences, Beijing/China- IE - Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Joint Research Centre, Ispra/Italy - KTI - Institute for Transportation Sciences, Budapest/Hungary - TML - Transport & Mobility Leuven, Leuven/Belgium
Steller, Heike/Borken, Jens: Global road transport’s emission inventory for the year 2000. Proceedings of the International Conference on Transport, Atmosphere and Climate (TAC), June 26 to 29, 2006, Oxford, UK
Borken, Jens et al: Road transport‘s energy consumption – year 2000 to 2100. Presentation 2007.
Borken, Jens/Steller, Heike/Merètei, Tamàs/Vanhove, Filip: Global and country inventory of road passenger and freight transportation, their fuel consumption and their emissions of air pollutants in the year 2000. Transportation Research Records: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 2007