Today’s ground transportation is still based on the use of fossil fuels, originating from oil or natural gas. The CO2 released during combustion of these fuels is the major greenhouse gas responsible for climate change. Therefore, besides electromobility, climate-neutral alternative fuels are a key interest of nowadays research. They cover all kinds of bio-fuels made from plants or power-based synthetic fuels, called Power-to-Liquid or Power-to-Gas. At combustion, these fuels only release the amount of CO2 which was bound during their production and are therefore considered climate-neutral. Since climate-neutral fuels can be utilized with conventional technologies, engines and infrastructure, they could be a quick measure for achieving climate targets. Concurrently pollutant emissions like nitrogen oxides or particulate matter can be drastically reduced through specific optimization of these fuels in the synthesis process. Synthetic fuels are not in competition with electromobility, but are a complementary concept to electric urban transport for long distance travel and heavy-duty traffic.
To utilize alternative fuels in ground transportation, numerous criteria besides ecological aspects need to be concerned. These cover inter alia:
• Regulatory approval
• Ethical aspects
• Political will
• User acceptance
Due to various long-term research projects in cooperation with industry and politics, our group has gained a large wealth of experience in the field of climate-neutral fuels, far beyond the core competencies of chemical analytics and combustion characteristics . This expertise is maintained and manifested in the form of data bases and scientific studies, which are updated continuously.