Pictures of a five-point bending test on a CFRP laminate taken from the side so that the shear strain field of the individual layers can be seen. Upper picture: Results of the finite element method (FEM); Lower picture: Digital image correlation results.
DLR (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0).
Optical deformation analysis using digital image correlation allows non-contact measurements of strains and displacements both in 2D and 3D.
It can be used in quasi-static as well as dynamic tests to determine the plastic strain of material samples. It directly determines the true strains required for numerical simulations.
Using optical deformation analysis from high-speed film pictures also enables the investigation of dynamic processes in crash/impact tests. Since the optical system operates contactlessly, it has no influence on the test itself and allows a much higher spatial resolution than mechanical sensors.
The system is also very flexible. It can measure both very small (~5 mm) and very large objects (~5 m). The entire system is portable and comprises up to four cameras to capture deformations of complex structures from multiple sides.
LIMESS, TEMA and GOM products are used in the institute.