RAMONA - Realisation of automated mobility concepts in local public transport

Automated and connected driving, the next technological leap forward, offers the opportunity to revolutionise and rethink mobility. In particular, the technologies required for this are being trialled in initial pilot projects around the world, but questions relating to user acceptance or possible operating and business concepts have hardly played a role to date.

It is fitting that the autonomous vehicle is often thought of as a further development of the conventional car and less as a further development of local public transport. However, local authorities and operators hope that the use of autonomous buses will make public transport more attractive, more efficient, safer and more flexible.
However, the use of such vehicles raises a number of questions: How do users deal with this new situation? What opportunities and risks arise from the use of automated and flexible mobility concepts? And what framework conditions are necessary for successful deployment? The RAMONA research project is dedicated to these and other questions.

Project goals

The aim of the project is to develop highly automated and networked mobility and vehicle concepts for use in local public transport and to evaluate them with regard to integration into the traffic situation and the existing public transport system as well as the reactions and interactions of passengers and other road users with such vehicles.

At the same time, insights are expected into what requirements potential users have of automated public transport and which aspects lead to increased acceptance of the services. Of further interest are the necessary framework conditions and their further development for the safe and efficient mixed operation of conventional and automated vehicles in public transport.

To implement the objectives, the project combines empirical surveys, simulations and potential analyses for the use of automated and networked mobility concepts with the model- and data-based derivation of recommendations and needs for action. Furthermore, the legal framework conditions are analysed and specific legislative proposals are developed.


The project is funded by the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI) as part of the "Automated and connected driving" funding guideline.

Project partners

  • Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG)
  • DLR-Institut für Fahrzeugkonzepte
  • DLR-Institut für Verkehrsforschung
  • DLR-Institut für Verkehrssystemtechnik
  • Hochschule Esslingen, Forschungs- und Lehrgebiet "Design for Manufacturing"
  • Senatsverwaltung für Umwelt, Verkehr und Klimaschutz (SenUVK)
  • Technische Universität München (TUM), Lehrstuhl für Ergonomie
  • Verband Deutscher Verkehrsunternehmen (VDV)




Dr.-Ing. Stephan Schmid

Head of Research Area
German Aerospace Center (DLR)
Institute of Vehicle Concepts
Vehicle Systems and Technology Assessment
Pfaffenwaldring 38-40, 70569 Stuttgart