DFG SPP 1992
One of the most exciting recent discoveries in astronomy is the existence of a huge variety of extrasolarplanets orbiting other stars, including numerous multi-planet systems. Exoplanets can be very different to those found in our Solar System, and range from the so-called "Hot Jupiter" and "mini-Neptune" gas planets to large rocky planets ("super-"Earths).This Priority Program (SPP) aims to explore such diversity and understand its origins. The SPP will make substantial contributions to answering the following fundamental questions:What does the diversity of exoplanets tell us about their formation processes and the evolution of planets and planetary systems?What can we learn about the astrophysical conditions necessary to harbour life and are these conditions common in our Milky Way?To understand the diversity and complexity of exoplanets requires combined efforts across disciplines, linking observational planet detection and characterization to theory. The German research community already has the key elements necessary for such a concerted effort.