Im­age mo­sa­ic of Ko­rolev Crater on Mars

Image mosaic of Korolev Crater on Mars
Im­age mo­sa­ic of Ko­rolev Crater on Mars
Credit: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin.

Image mosaic of Korolev Crater on Mars

The well-pre­served Ko­rolev im­pact crater is lo­cat­ed in the Mar­tian north­ern low­lands, which sur­round the North Pole ice cap. The crater floor, which lies two kilo­me­tres be­neath the crater rim, is cov­ered in a 1800-me­tre de­posit of wa­ter ice all year round. The domed ice forms a glacier com­pris­ing around 2200 cu­bic kilo­me­tres of non-po­lar ice on Mars. That is about 50 times the vol­ume of Lake Con­stance and is com­pa­ra­ble in size to the Cana­di­an Great Bear Lake. The crater is named af­ter the renowned Rus­sian rock­et de­sign­er Sergei Pavlovich Ko­rolev. With his rock­et and space­craft de­sign, Ko­rolev was re­spon­si­ble for the first man-made satel­lite of Earth Sput­nik in 1957, and for the first hu­man space­flight of Yuri Gagarin in 1961 on Vos­tok 1. The im­age is a mo­sa­ic made up of five in­di­vid­u­al im­ages ac­quired by the DLR-op­er­at­ed HRSC stereo cam­era on board the ESA Mars Ex­press or­biter.

The well-preserved Korolev impact crater is located in the Martian northern lowlands, which surround the North Pole ice cap. The crater floor, which lies two kilometres beneath the crater rim, is covered in a 1800-metre deposit of water ice all year round. The domed ice forms a glacier comprising around 2200 cubic kilometres of non-polar ice on Mars. That is about 50 times the volume of Lake Constance and is comparable in size to the Canadian Great Bear Lake. The crater is named after the renowned Russian rocket designer Sergei Pavlovich Korolev. With his rocket and spacecraft design, Korolev was responsible for the first man-made satellite of Earth Sputnik in 1957, and for the first human spaceflight of Yuri Gagarin in 1961 on Vostok 1. The image is a mosaic made up of five individual images acquired by the DLR-operated HRSC stereo camera on board the ESA Mars Express orbiter.

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