A chip can be the heart of a quantum computer. Atoms or ions can be separately trapped on it. These can serve as information carriers, so-called qubits or quantum bits. Quantum computers have the potential to solve problems that would push today's computers beyond their limits. Within the next four years, DLR, together with partners from industry, small and medium-sized enterprises, start-ups and science, will establish two consortia to create the framework for a German quantum computer as well as develop the corresponding software and identify quantum-specific applications.