The european Mars Express mission, which was launched on 2 June 2003, is providing important new data on the geology, mineralogy and atmosphere of Mars. Mars Express is giving us information about the history of the Red Planet’s climate and explaining the role and whereabouts of water on the planet. Thanks to the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) developed in DLR's Institute of Planetary Research, Mars is being mapped in three dimensions and colour for the first time.
The Mars Express HRSC images are now published under a Creative Commons licence: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO.
Grabens, dendritic valleys, lava flows and the largest volcano in the Solar System – Amazing 3D animation of the Red Planet to celebrate 10 years of the Mars Express mission.
A wealth of information about Mars, its surface, subsurface and atmosphere has led to a completely new view of the Red Planet.
The images shown in this gallery were generated at the Institute for Geological Sciences at the Freie Universität Berlin and published there as 'Highlights of the Month' in 2011. They present special Mars products obtained using the HRSC camera on board Mars Express.
These images, acquired by the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC), operated by the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR), show a region close to the Nili Fossae. The Nili Fossae are located at the border between the southern highlands and the northern lowlands of Mars.
These images acquired by the DLR-operated High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) on board the ESA Mars Express spacecraft show Greeley Crater on Mars. It was named after the US scientist Ronald Greeley, who passed away in 2011. In addition to being a pioneer in the field of planetary geology, he was a member of the HRSC experiment team from the very outset, and was also Co-investigator of the HRSC.
Volcanism often goes hand in hand with tectonic shifts in the rock crust on all terrestrial planets and the Moon. Magma bubbles rise up from the planet's interior, making room as they ascend and pour their molten rock over the planet's surface in the form of lava. The emptied magma chambers create cavities, which can cause the rigid masses of rock of the crust to sag and shift.